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Chemical Composition and Phytotoxic Effects of Essential Oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. Growing Wild in Lebanon

Author(s): Emilia Mancini | Nelly Apostolides Arnold | Laura De Martino | Vincenzo De Feo | Carmen Formisano | Daniela Rigano | Felice Senatore

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 14;
Issue: 11;
Start page: 4725;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. | Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. | essential oil | germination | radical elongation

The chemical composition of the essential oils of S. hierosolymitana Boiss. and S. multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. collected in Lebanon was studied by means of GC and GC-MS analysis. In all 115 compounds were identified: 82 for S hierosolymitana and 72 for S. multicaulis var. simplicifolia. The presence of carbonylic compounds (17%) characterizes the oil from S. hierosolymitana,while S. multicaulis var. simplicifolia oil is rich of monoterpenes (34.5%) and sesquiterpenes (46.9%). The effects of the essential oils on germination and initial radical elongation of Raphanus sativus L. (radish) and Lepidium sativum L. (garden cress) were studied, indicating in a different activity against radical elongation of the species tested.

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