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CHEMICAL, NUTRITIONAL AND ANTI-NUTRITIONAL STUDY OF NEW VARIETIES OF OIL SEEDS FROM SUNFLOWER, SAFFLOWER AND GROUNDNUT

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Author(s): SATISH INGALE AND SHRIVASTAVA S.K.

Journal: International Journal of Biotechnology Applications
ISSN 0975-2943

Volume: 3;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 118;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Chemical composition | nutritional and anti-nutritional composition | Helianthus annuus | Carthamus tinctorius and Arachis hypogaea

ABSTRACT
Proximate, nutritive and anti-nutritive analyses of some new varieties of oilseeds were determined. Oilseedsstudied include Sunflower (Helianthus annuuus L.) variety LSF-11 & LSF-8, Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) varietyPBNS-12 & PBNS-40 and Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) variety JL-24. The proximate parameter such as moisture,crude fibre, total lipid, crude protein, carbohydrate, ash calcium phosphorus and energy ranged from 3.627-7.393, 0.488-3.411, 25.699-46.224, 15.91-25.20, 21.26-48.93, 2.577-4.866, 0.087-0.150, 0.15-0.41 and 490.651-601.856 g/100grespectively. The predominant fatty acid was found to be Linoleic acid. The protein solubilizations at different pH rangingfrom 0.5 to 13.5, the maximum seed proteins were extracted at pH 12. The amino acid analysis reveled that the oilseedswere superior with respect to glutamic, arginine, methionine and proline. The anti-nutritional factors like cyanogenicglucoside, tannin, oxalate and hemagglutinin activity contents ranged from 3.458-4.818, 0.412-0.651, 0.079-0.180 and 1:16-1:8 g/100g respectively. Trypsin inhibitor was not found in these varieties. The nutritive values were determined for feedutilization, nitrogen utilization, protein efficiency ratio and feed efficiency ratio ranged between 5.260-6.552g, 0.232-0.296g,1.368-1.509 and 0.345-0.365 respectively. Results from these studies have revealed that the potential for use of sunflower,safflower and groundnut for enhancement of these nutrients/chemical constituents
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