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CHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF SOME ANTI DIABETIC PLANTS IN YEMEN

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Author(s): Al Jawfi Yaser | Alsayadi Muneer | Benmansour Abdelhafid | Chabane Sari Daoudi | Lazoni Hammadi A

Journal: International Research Journal of Pharmacy
ISSN 2230-8407

Volume: 4;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 72;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: nutritional composition | diabetic | mineral content | total phenol

ABSTRACT
There are many hypoglycemic plants known through the folklore in Yemen and some of Arabic Countries. The study was carried out to analyze the nutritional composition, mineral content and phytochemicals of the seeds of Trigonella foenum L, Apium graveoleus L and risen of Commiphora myrrha which are used traditionally in Yemen to treat diabetic patients. For different plant species the crude fat content ranged between (9.61 to 0.54 g/100 g) and crude fiber (14.77 to 1.51 g/100 g). The crude protein content was determined high in the seeds of T. foenum L (26.78 %), seeds A. graveoleus L (16.37 %) and risen C. myrrha (10.45 %) while the carbohydrate content was highest in the C. myrrha (71.21 %). The nutritive value ranged from 362.35 - 306.49 cal/100 g in the various plants. Calcium was present in the highest quantity (14000 ppm) in the C. myrrha. The content of total phenol varied from 1422.622 mgGAE/100 g to 505.286 mgGAE/100 g in the extracts.
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