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Chest neoplasms with infectious etiologies

Author(s): Carlos S Restrepo | Melissa M Chen | Santiago Martinez-Jimenez | Jorge Carrillo | Catalina Restrepo

Journal: World Journal of Radiology
ISSN 1949-8470

Volume: 3;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 279;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome | Castleman’s disease | Kaposi’s sarcoma | Thoracic imaging | Thoracic lymphoma | Thoracic malignancies | Malignant mesothelioma

A wide spectrum of thoracic tumors have known or suspected viral etiologies. Oncogenic viruses can be classified by the type of genomic material they contain. Neoplastic conditions found to have viral etiologies include post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease, lymphoid granulomatosis, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Castleman’s disease, recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, lung cancer, malignant mesothelioma, leukemia and lymphomas. Viruses involved in these conditions include Epstein-Barr virus, human herpes virus 8, human papillomavirus, Simian virus 40, human immunodeficiency virus, and Human T-lymphotropic virus. Imaging findings, epidemiology and mechanism of transmission for these diseases are reviewed in detail to gain a more thorough appreciation of disease pathophysiology for the chest radiologist.
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