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Chest Wall Resection and Reconstruction for Thoracic Tumor 
Invading the Chest Wall: A Report of 12 Cases

Author(s): Shaohua MA | Luyan SHEN | Senkai LI | Xiaotian SHI | Zhen LIANG | Keneng CHEN

Journal: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
ISSN 1009-3419

Volume: 15;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 90;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Thoracic neoplasms | Thoracic wall | Resection | Reconstruction

Background and objective Tumor involving the chest wall is a common clinical event, and if there are no distant metastases, complete resection of tumor and involved chest wall can give excellent results. The aim of this study is to report experience with chest wall resection and reconstruction (CWRR) for 12 patients who suffered thoracic malignant tumor involving chest wall, including the artificial materials used for reconstruction, soft tissue coverage, and our multidisciplinary CWRR approach. Methods All characteristics of 12 cases of CWRR from Oct 2005 to Apr 2011 were reviewed, including preoperative treatment, surgical approach, resection range, reconstruction methods, the local and systematic complications and postoperative survival. Results All 12 of these patients underwent radical resection and bony chest wall resection, with resultant bony chest wall defects ranging from 25 cm2 to 700 cm2, soft tissue defects of 56 cm2 to 400 cm2. The bony chest wall was reconstructed using polypropylene mesh, and repair of the soft tissue was carried out using the shifting muscle flaps, myocutaneous flaps and omental flaps. There was only one significant complication in these 12 cases where 1 case suffered respiratory failure and needed mechanical ventilation but recovered one month later. All 12 patients have survived to the end point of follow up. Conclusion Only thoracic surgery and reconstructive surgery work together can complete the complex CWRR which according the tumor discipline. Thoracic surgeons as the leader and reconstructive surgeons as the subsidiary and be familiar with reconstruction materials of bony chest wall and appropriate choice of soft tissue coverage is the key to achieve radical surgery and to ensure long-term survival.
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