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Chiari pelvic osteotomy in treatment of hip dysplasia

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Author(s): Slavković Nemanja | Vukašinović Zoran | Apostolović Milan | Vukomanović Boris

Journal: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
ISSN 0370-8179

Volume: 141;
Issue: 9-10;
Start page: 710;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Chiari osteotomy | joint congruency | hip dysplasia

ABSTRACT
Chiari pelvic osteotomy is a surgical procedure having been performed for almost sixty years in patients with the insuffcient coverage of the femoral head. It is most frequently used in young patients with dysplastic acetabular sockets as a part of developmental hip dysplasia. Even though performance of the Chiari osteotomy is associated with positive therapeutical results, above all, its main goal is to delay inevitable degenerative changes. Original surgical technique has been modified and improved over time. Nevertheless, the basic idea has remained unchanged - increasing of the femoral head coverage by medial displacement of the distal part of the pelvis along with capsular interpositioning. Given the complexity of operation, the complication percentage is rather low. Chiari pelvic osteotomy has lost its actuality and importance during this past six decades. The role of Chiari pelvic osteotomy has been considerably taken over by other more efficient and more lasting surgical procedures. Nonetheless, Chiari pelvic osteotomy is still present in modern orthopedic practice, above all as „salvage“ osteotomy. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 41004]
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