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Children and Their Parents' Perceptions of Symptom Severity and Treatment Preference for Tourette Syndrome

Author(s): Ahmad Ghanizadeh | Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi | Gholam Reza Dehbozorgi

Journal: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
ISSN 1735-4587

Volume: 5;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 93;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Attitude | Child | Iran | Parent | Tourette syndrome

"n Objective: "n  "nThis study surveys children and their parents' perceptions, and their treatment preference of significant/bothersome symptoms in children with Tourette syndrome. "nMethods: "nThirty five children and adolescents who referred to an out-patient clinic of a Child Psychiatry Clinic were selected as subjects for this study. The children and their parents were interviewed about their perception of significant/bothersome symptoms of motor tics, vocal tics, learning difficulties, attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity, obsessions, compulsions, and rage attacks. "nResults: "nAbout two thirds of the subjects had symptom of rage. Inattentiveness and hyperactivity were observed in more than half of the children. There was a statistically significant difference between parents and their children in frequency of motor tics and rage attacks . Children reported the necessity for controlling and management of these symptoms less than their parents. "nDiscussion: "nThe rates of motor, vocal tics and rage attacks in the Iranian sample are similar to other studies. Rage attack is one of the most common significant/bothersome symptoms reported that should be treated. While motor tics were not rated among the most common features that should be treated in a study in Canada, it was the most common significant/bothersome symptom in Iran. Parents perceive motor tics and rage attacks as more significant/bothersome symptoms compared to children.

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