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China’s “One-child family” demographic policy - Analyzing the consequences of the measures taken to confine the demographic growth of China

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Author(s): Pascu, M.L.

Journal: Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov, Series VII : Social Sciences and Law
ISSN 2066-7701

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 103;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: ”one-child” policy | birth control | gender disparities | ageing of the population.

ABSTRACT
The so called “one-child policy” has brought economic benefits in China for the three decades since it was enforced, but it has also brought a series of disadvantages with consequences in the near future: increase of the dependency ratio in China with the accentuation of the population ageing phenomenon and the occurrence of disparities in the sex ratio that will lead to special social problems. Some experts believe that the simplistic reasoning behind the “one-child policy” might be responsible for the next demographic crisis. On one hand, the number of Chinese citizens is still growing. On the other hand China faces a very rapid aging of the population.
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