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Chiral Flavanones from Amygdalus lycioides Spach: Structural Elucidation and Identification of TNFalpha Inhibitors by Bioactivity-guided Fractionation

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Author(s): Raffaella Gaggeri | Daniela Rossi | Michael S. Christodoulou | Daniele Passarella | Flavio Leoni | Ornella Azzolina | Simona Collina

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 17;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 1665;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Amygdalus lycioides Spach | bioassay-guided fractionation | chiral flavanones | structural elucidation | phytochemical fingerprint | TNFα blockers

ABSTRACT
Phytochemical investigation on the Amygdalus lycioides Spach branchelets resulted in the isolation of four chiral flavanones: (2R,3R)-Taxifolin, (2R,3R)-aromadendrin, (S)-5,7,3',5'-tetrahydroxyflavanone and (S)-naringenin. The flavanones were isolated by semi-preparative HPLC, their structures elucidated based on spectroscopic data and their absolute configuration assigned. As a part of our ethnobotanical-directed search for novel TNFα inhibitors, the bioassay-guided fractionation of the n-hexane-acetone (n-Hex-Ac, 1:1 v/v) Amygdalus lycioides Spach branchelets extract was performed. In this way, (S)-naringenin was identified as the constituent responsible for the TNFα blocking effect, being effective in vitro and in vivo after oral administration. This is the first investigation on bioactive secondary metabolites of Amygdalus lycioides Spach branchelets.
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