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A Cholesterol and Actinide Dependent Shadow Biosphere of Archaea And Viroids in Metabolic Syndrome X

Author(s): Ravikumar Kurup A. | Parameswara Achutha Kurup

Journal: Advances in Natural Science
ISSN 1715-7862

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 66;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Coronary artery disease | Cerebrovascular disease | Type 2 diabetes mellitus | Archaea | Viroids | Cholesterol | Actinide

Objective: Endogenous digoxin has been related to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease. Elevated digoxin levels are described in endomyocardial fibrosis and root wilt disease of coconut seen in same endemic zones with phytoplasmas, rutile and viroids important in their pathogenesis. The possibility of endogenous digoxin synthesis by actinide based primitive organism like archaea with a mevalonate pathway and cholesterol catabolism was considered.Research design and methods: 10 cases each of type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease- acute coronary syndrome and acute cerebrovascular thrombosis before starting treatment and 10 age and sex matched healthy controls from general population were chosen for the study. The CAD and CVA patients were non-diabetics. Cholesterol substrate was added to the plasma of the patients and the generation of cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA redutase, digoxin and bile acids were studied. The changes with the addition of antibiotics and rutile to the patient’s plasma were also studied. The statistical analysis was done by ANOVA.Results: The parameters mentioned above were increased the patient’s plasma with addition of cholesterol substrate. The addition of antibiotics to the patient’s plasma caused a decrease in all the parameters while addition of rutile increased their levels.Conclusions: An actinide dependent shadow biosphere of archaea and viroids is described in type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease- acute coronary syndrome and acute cerebrovascular thrombosis contributing to their pathogenesis.Abbreviations: EMF- Endomyocardial fibrosis; PAH- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; HERV- Human endogenous retroviruses; GABA- Gamma aminobutyric acid; DXP- D-xylulose phosphate; GPCR- G-protein coupled receptor; TNF alpha- Tumour necrosis factor alpha; TLR- Toll receptorKey words: Coronary artery disease; Cerebrovascular disease; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Archaea; Viroids; Cholesterol; Actinide
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