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Circulating Total and Active Metalloproteinase-9 and Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases-1 in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythomatosus

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Author(s): Ewa Robak | Agnieszka Wierzbowska | Magdalena Chmiela | Liliana Kulczycka | Anna Sysa-Jędrejowska | Tadeusz Robak

Journal: Mediators of Inflammation
ISSN 0962-9351

Volume: 2006;
Date: 2006;
Original page

ABSTRACT
We investigated the serum concentration of total metalloproteinase-9 (tMPP-9), active MMP-9 (aMMP-9), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in a group of 41 patients with SLE and 20 healthy controls. Serum levels of tMMP-9 and TIMP-1 were assessed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and aMMP-9 by fluorometric assay. The tMMP-9 level was lower in SLE patients (mean 262 ng/mL) than in healthy volunteers (mean 325 ng/mL) ( p = .048 ). Similarly, aMMP-9 level was lower in SLE patients (mean 121 ng/mL) than in control group (mean 169 ng/mL) ( P = .0355 ) and lower in active SLE (mean 54 ng/mL) than in inactive disease (mean 99 ng/mL) ( P = .033 ). TIMP-1 level was also lower in SLE patients (mean 181 ng/mL) than in control group (mean 233 ng/mL) ( P = .004 ). In SLE patients, a positive correlation was found between tMMP-9 and aMMP-9 ( ρ = 0.568 ; P = .001 ). We also found a positive correlation of tMMP-9 and TIMP-1 with VEGF concentrations ( ρ = 0.450 , P = .005 and ρ = 0.387 ; P = .018 , resp). tMMP-9, aMMP-9, and TIMP-1 serum levels are lower in SLE patients than in healthy control group.

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