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Classification of Abnormalities in Brain MRI Images Using GLCM, PCA and SVM

Author(s): Daljit Singh | Kamaljeet Kaur

Journal: International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology
ISSN 2249-8958

Volume: 1;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 243;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Feature | GLCM | Kernel | MRI | PCA | SVM.

Accurate automatic detection and classification of images is very challenging task whether they are medical images or other natural images. This paper presents a hybrid technique for automatic classification of MRI images as well as natural images. The proposed method consists of two stages: feature extraction and classification. In first stage, features are extracted from images using PCA and GLCM. In the next stage, extracted features are fed as input to SVM classifier. It classifies the images between normal and abnormal along with type of disease depending upon features. Also it classifies between natural images. For Brain MRI images; features extracted with GLCM gives 100% accuracy with SVM -RBF kernel function. Similarly for natural images; features extracted by GLCM gives 91.67% accuracy with SVM-RBF kernel function. Software used is MATLAB R2011a. Main focus is given on Brain MRI images classification as it deals with precious human life.
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