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Clinical and epidemiological aspects of prematurity in a Normal Delivery Center, São Paulo, Brazil

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Author(s): Miriam Siqueira do Carmo Rabello | Sonia Maria Oliveira de Barros

Journal: Einstein
ISSN 1679-4508

Volume: 9;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 483;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Obstetrical nursing | Parturition | Natural childbirth | Obstetric labor | premature

ABSTRACT
Objective: To present clinical and epidemiological aspects of prematurity in a Normal Delivery Center, and to describe outcomes. Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study, with 189 medical records of premature, single, and living fetuses, with gestational ages between 25 and 36.6 weeks. Results: The prevalence of preterm births was 7.8%, and 23.2% in adolescent mothers. The most frequent obstetric complication was premature rupture of ovular membranes (35.4%), followed by hypertensive syndrome (18.5%). Cesarean section was performed in 33% of cases. The Apgar score in the 1st minute was < 7 in 36.0% of cases, and in the 5th minute of life, in 9.5% of cases. Conclusion: Among the aspects studied, results showed that the prevalence of preterm births was higher than expected for the adolescent mothers, however, with a satisfactory perinatal outcome.

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