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Clinical experience with ureteral metal stents

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Author(s): Al Aown Abdulrahman | Iason Kyriazis | Panagiotis Kallidonis | Liatsikos Evangelos

Journal: Indian Journal of Urology
ISSN 0970-1591

Volume: 26;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 474;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Clinical | metal | stents | ureteral

ABSTRACT
Ureteral metal stents (MSs) present a minimally invasive tool to preserve the drainage of renal pelvis whenever ureteral patency is at risk to be obstructed due to extrinsic or intrinsic etiologies. Clinical experience with these stents demonstrates that they impose a promising alternative treatment option in ureteral pathologies that are difficult to be treated via common polymeric stents. Current application of MSs in the treatment of both benign and malignant ureteral obstruction reveals quite promising results. Nevertheless, the ideal MS that would provide uncomplicated long-term effectiveness is still lucking and current MS usage is facing several adverse effects between which stent obstruction, encrustation, infection, migration, and patient discomfort. Ongoing attempts to create more inert stent with sophisticated novel designs are expected to improve current MS efficiency. MSs will play a major role in the future as a routine management of a variety of ureteral pathologies.
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