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Clinical Experiences of Bronchopleural Fistula-related Fatal Hemoptysis after 
the Resection of Lung Cancer: A Report of 7 Cases

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Author(s): Zhenming ZHANG | Yun WANG

Journal: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
ISSN 1009-3419

Volume: 15;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 39;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Lung neoplasms | Bronchopleural fistula | Bronchovascular fistula | Hemoptysis

ABSTRACT
Background and objective Massive hemoptysis was a rare but severe postoperative complication of lung cancer. The aim of the present study is to investigate the mechanisms, risk factors, early symptoms, prevention, and treatment options for fatal hemoptysis. Methods From April 2007 to May 2011, 1,737 patients with lung cancer were surgically treated in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University. Twenty patients died during the perioperative period, seven of whom died of massive hemoptysis. These seven cases were analyzed, and their clinical data, as well as related literatures, were reviewed. Results Massive hemoptysis is the second cause of death after lung cancer surgery. Six patients died directly of massive hemoptysis. One patient underwent secondary surgery because of massive hemoptysis, but eventually died because of lung infection and respiratory failure. Early symptoms of hemorrhage were observed in four cases, and the overall incidence rate of massive hemoptysis was 0.4% (7/1,737). Conclusion Bronchovascular fistula (BVF) caused by bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is the mechanism for massive hemoptysis. Diabetes is a high risk factor. Early diagnosis and surgical treatment of BPF or BVF can prevent the occurrence of death as a result of massive hemoptysis.
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