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Clinical, Pathological and Haematological Effects of Micrococcus luteus Infections in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum)

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Author(s): Seyit Aydin | Abdulkadir Ciltas | Hasan Yetim | Ihsan Akyurt

Journal: Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
ISSN 1680-5593

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 167;
Date: 2005;
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ABSTRACT
This study investigates chronic and sporadic Micrococcus luteus infections of 3 and 4 -year-old broodstock and 2-year- old juvenile cultured rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) during February through April 1993-1996. Infection had not been observed from 1997 to 2003. Bacterial isolates were identified each year and were tested to determine sensitivity to chemotherapeutants. Infections caused lesions on the skin and caudal fin, and internal organs such as muscle, liver and spleen. In 1995, naturally infected 2-year-old fish were examined for haematological variables and compared to healthy fish. Leucocytosis and thrombocytosis occurred as well as a reduction in haemoglobin and haematocrit values of infected fish. In 1996, histopathological examination demonstrated pathological changes in heart, liver, spleen, gill, muscle, kidney and intestinal tissues of juvenile rainbow trout. The minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of formalin (90 %) + ethyl alcohol (10 %) mixture and enrofloxacin against pathogenic bacterium isolated in 1996 were 3 g/ml and 0.025 g/ml, respectively. Formalin + ethyl alcohol mixture baths and oral applications of enrofloxacin were successfully used for the treatment of naturally infected fish in 1996. Pathogenicity of the M. luteus isolated from crucian carp (Carassius carassius L.) was tested by intramuscular injection using healthy rainbow trout.
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