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Clinical Profile Of HIV/AIDS Patients in Srinagar, Kashmir

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Author(s): Kaiser Ahmed Wani

Journal: International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health
ISSN 1840-4529

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 272;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Clinical profile | HIV/AIDS seropositive cases | opportunistic infections

ABSTRACT
Background: Since the inception of the integrated counseling and testing centre (ICTC) at governmentmedical college (GMC) and associated hospitals, there was no previous study on the clinical experiencesin HIV/AIDS positive cases in this institution.Aims & objectives: The aim of this study was to delineate the epidemiological profile of HIV/AIDSseropositive cases and which included to study:• Number of HIV seropositive patients from April 2002 to December 2009.• Common signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS seropositive patients.• Age and sex distribution of all seropositive cases.• Mode of transmission of HIV infection.• Residence and profession profile of seropositive cases.• Different types of opportunistic infections in these patients.Methods/study design: The present study is documental and analytical descriptive and it was conductedat the govt. medical college and associated hospitals through data collection of 128 records of individualwho tested positive for HIV by three rapid test methods using three different antigens at integratedcounseling and testing centre (ICTC). Demographic variables such as age, sex and occupation, data onmode of transmission and clinical manifestation were examined together.Results/Findings: A total of 128 patients had tested positive for HIV by at least three tests using threedifferent antigens, which included 112 (87.5%) male and 16 (12.5%) females. The mean age of thesepatients were 34.45±8.40 with male to female ratio of 7:1.The peak incidence was found in the age groupof 30-39 yrs (36.8%).Majority of HIV positive patients belonged to security personnel’s followed bymigrant labourers and housewives.Transmission of infection was through sexual contact in 90.7 % followed by homosexual transmission in4.7 %. Vertical transmission and blood transfusion accounted in 2.3% cases each. 78.9 % of patientspresented with fever of > 1mon-th duration, 35.1 % with weight loss and 33.5 % withdiarrhea.Tuberculosis and candidiasis were common opportunistic infection followed herpes zoster andvaricella.Conclusion: This study highlights the burden of HIV/AIDS patients in the study place. The results willbe useful for various programmes in health promotions in patients of HIV/AIDS from this region.
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