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Clinical Profile of Patients Hospitalized with Heart Failure inBharatpur, Nepal

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Author(s): Laxman Dubey | Sanjib Kumar Sharma | Amit Kumar Chaurasia

Journal: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
ISSN 2008-5117

Volume: 4;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 103;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Heart Failure | Clinical Profile | Medications | Hospitalization

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Heart failure (HF) is a common cardiovascular condition whose incidence and prevalence are increasing. Being a common reason for urgent hospital admission, it is a major cause of morbidity and mortality for the patients. In the developed countries coronary artery disease remains the leading cause of HF, whereas, in the underdeveloped countries, rheumatic heart disease leading to valvular lesion still remains the commonest causes of HF admission. The current study was designed to evaluate the clinical profile and medications prescribed reflecting the extent to which evidence based medicine is being practiced at our community. Methods: Clinical profile and prescribed medications of patients with diagnosis of HF who were admitted in the cardiology department of College of Medical Sciences & Teaching Hospital (CMS-TH), Bharatpur, Nepal, April 2010 to May 2012, were analyzed. A total of 255 patients presented with HF during the studied period were included. Results: Coronary artery disease, rheumatic heart disease, dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertensive heart failure, cor-pulmonale, and congenital heart disease leading to HF were found in 93 (36.5%), 65 (25.5%), 37 (14.5%), 22 (8.6%), 31 (12.2%),and 7 (2.7%) patients respectively. The commonest presenting symptom was shortness of breath (81%) and the commonest sign was bilateral basal crepitations (68%). From all patients, 89%, 64%, 51%, 16%, 48%, and 32% received loop diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, digoxin, angiotensin receptor blocker, spironolactone, and beta-blocking agents respectively. Conclusion: Coronary artery disease leading to HF was the commonest cause of HF admission in our centre. Despite current guidelines suggesting the use of beta-blocking agent in patients with HF, only 32% of our patients received this class of medications. Thus, many patients were not being managed fully in accordance with the evidence-based guidelines.
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