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Clinicopathological Analysis of Pulmonary Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of 
Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue

Author(s): Bojiang CHEN | Jun GAO | Yuan TANG | Shangfu ZHANG | Weimin LI | Jing ZENG

Journal: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
ISSN 1009-3419

Volume: 14;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 446;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Lung neoplasms | Lymphoma | Diagnosis | Prognosis

Background and objective As a rare disease, pulmonary marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (PMZL-MALT), is often misdiagnosed. The aim of this study is to summarize the clinical and pathological features of this disease and improve the awareness of doctors. Methods Seven cases (female 5, male 2) diagnosed of PMZL-MALT in West China Hospital between November 2008 and November 2010, were analyzed retrospectively, including their symptoms, radiological findings, pathological examinations, treatment and prognosis. Results The median age of the patients were 62 years old (range 34-79 years). Six patients suffered from cough and sputum. Pulmonary consolidation was the most frequent manifestation, leading a misdiagnosis of pneumonia with CT examinations. Pathological diagnosis was obtained via fiberoptic bronchoscopy in six patients and percutaneous pulmonary biopsy for the rest one. In the seven cases, immunohistochemical results showed CD20(+), CD79a(+), while CD3 epsilon(-), CD5(-), CyclinD1(-), CD10(-), Bcl-2(-) and CD30(-). Additionally, the expression of Ki-67 was below 10%. Further PCR analysis showed evidence of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement in tissues from six subjects. Based on the disease location and patients’ wishes, compared with two cases just receiving symptomatic treatments, the other five ones took in chemotherapies. Conclusion Since there were no specific clinical features for patients of PMZL-MALT, histopathological examination was the only effective means to confirm the diagnosis.
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