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Closure versus nonclosure of buccal mucosal graft harvest site: A prospective randomized study on post operative morbidity

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Author(s): Muruganandam K | Dubey Deepak | Gulia Anil | Mandhani Anil | Srivastava Aneesh | Kapoor Rakesh | Kumar Anant

Journal: Indian Journal of Urology
ISSN 0970-1591

Volume: 25;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 72;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Buccal mucosa harvest | post operative morbidity

ABSTRACT
Objective: To prospectively compare the postoperative morbidity of closure versus non closure of the buccal mucosal graft (BMG) harvest site. Methods: Patients who underwent BMG harvest for urethroplasty were randomized into 2 groups; in group 1 donor site was closed and in group 2 it was left open. Self made questionnaires were used to assess post-operative pain, limitation to mouth opening, loss of sensation at graft site. The time to resumption of liquid and solid diet were also noted. Results: Fifty patients were studied, 25 in each group from July 2003 to July 2005. BMG was harvested from single cheek in most of the patients. Mean post operative pain score was 4.20 and 3.08 at day 1 in group 1 and group 2, respectively (P < 0.05). Return to oral intake in terms of liquid and solid diet was comparable between the groups. Difficulty with mouth opening was maximal during the first week with no difference among the two groups. Two patients in group 1 and one in group 2 had persistent peri-oral numbness at 6 months. None of the patients in both the groups had changes in salivation or retention cysts. Conclusion: Pain appears to be worse in the immediate post operative period with suturing of the harvest site. There is no difference in long term morbidity whether the graft site is closed or left open. It may be best to leave buccal mucosa harvest sites unsutured.
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