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Coagulation Factor XII Congenital Deficiency in Women with Recurrent Miscarriage

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Author(s): Martin-Loeches Mariano | Pallas Yadira | Abad Ana | Lloret Manuel | Lopez-Galvez Jose Jesús

Journal: International Journal of Clinical Medicine
ISSN 2158-284X

Volume: 02;
Issue: 04;
Start page: 469;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Factor XII | Recurrent Miscarriage | Thrombofilia | Pregnancy Loss

ABSTRACT
Factor XII (Hageman factor) is an important protease that plays a major role in the initiation of the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation and fibrinolysis and kinin formation. It is still unclear whether factor XII deficiency causes any disorders during pregnancy. Because the main clinical feature in patients with factor XII deficiency is thrombosis rather than bleeding, low dose aspirin would be expected to prevent first trimester miscarriage and a decrease in factor XII level itself was found to be an independent risk factor in recurrent miscarriage. The woman in a 31-year-old patient, with personal and family antecedents without interest and preceding obstetrics of two spontaneous abortions in the first quarter of the pregnancy without apparent cause. In the study of infertility practiced emphasizes a partition of not more than one centimetre of length in the uterine found by hysteroscopy exploration and in the study of hipercoagulability a light deficiency of the factor XII. Himself guideline processing with low dose of aspirin (125 mgr/day) and preconception folic acid (5 mgr/day), remains expectant mother and in the week 12 of her third pregnancy itself guideline antitrombotic prophylaxis with heparin of low molecular weight by subcutaneous way. The pregnancy reaches the week 39 without incidents of interest and the expectant mother give birth of spontaneous form to health boy. Repeated abortions may be associated with reduced level of factor XII activity of unknown origin and low-dose aspirin may prevent miscarriage caused for decreased factor XII levels in patients with a history of recurrent first trimester miscarriage.

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