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Coccolithophores: Functional Biodiversity, Enzymes and Bioprospecting

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Author(s): Emma L. Reid | Charlotte A. Worthy | Ian Probert | Sohail T. Ali | John Love | Johnathan Napier | Jenny A. Littlechild | Paul J. Somerfield | Michael J. Allen

Journal: Marine Drugs
ISSN 1660-3397

Volume: 9;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 586;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: functional biodiversity | bioprospecting | biocatalysis | coccolithophore

ABSTRACT
Emiliania huxleyi is a single celled, marine phytoplankton with global distribution. As a key species for global biogeochemical cycling, a variety of strains have been amassed in various culture collections. Using a library consisting of 52 strains of E. huxleyi and an ‘in house‘ enzyme screening program, we have assessed the functional biodiversity within this species of fundamental importance to global biogeochemical cycling, whilst at the same time determining their potential for exploitation in biocatalytic applications. Here, we describe the screening of E. huxleyi strains, as well as a coccolithovirus infected strain, for commercially relevant biocatalytic enzymes such as acid/alkali phosphodiesterase, acid/alkali phosphomonoesterase, EC1.1.1-type dehydrogenase, EC1.3.1-type dehydrogenase and carboxylesterase.

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