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Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy for Breast Cancer Survivors: Description of a Program and Preliminary Evaluation of its Effectiveness

Author(s): Ana Torres | Anabela Pereira | Sara Monteiro

Journal: Psychology, Community & Health
ISSN 2182-438X

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 300;
Original page

Keywords: cognitive behaviour group therapy programme | cancer patients | breast cancer survivors

Aim: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has already been shown to be highly effective, namely in psycho-oncology field. There are fewdescriptions of how a CBT programme for cancer patients groups can be structured and delivered, as well as, there are few efficacy studiesof this programs, especially in Portugal. We present a description of an 8-session CBT programme that has been developed by our team, fordelivery to breast cancer survivors groups, as well as, the preliminary results of its efficacy. Method: It was used a sample of 20 participantsselected from Reach to Recovery of Centre Delegation of Portuguese Cancer League (16 was submitted to the intervention program describedand four performed the control group). Evaluation procedures consisted on voluntary fill-out of the following instruments: Courtauld EmotionControl Scale (CEC), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Clinical Inventory of Self-concept (ICAC), Life Orientation Test - Revisedversion (LOT-R) and the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC QLQC-30 and supplement BR-23). Description of components and contents of the sessions are presented. Results: Preliminary results of theprogramme application are presented. Until now, it was not possible to verify significant results from pre- to post-test. Conclusion: It isimportant to take in consideration the group therapy programme presented and replicate it with cancer patients in order to obtain clear resultsof its efficacy. The relevance of this conclusion is emphasized by the cost-effectiveness associated with the group therapy format.
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