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Cognitive Inhibitory Control and Arithmetic Word Problem Solving in Children with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study

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Author(s): Sigem Sabagh-Sabbagh | David A . Pineda

Journal: Universitas Psychologica
ISSN 1657-9267

Volume: 9;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 761;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Cognitive inhibitory control | arithmetic problem solving | ADHD.

ABSTRACT
A sample of 30 subjects, 10 with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) and 20 non-ADHD children, statistically controlled byage, gender, academic grades and normal full scale intelligence quotient,was selected. To measure cognitive inhibitory control, a math problem solving ability test containing four problems for each level with verbal and numerical irrelevant content was administered. ADHD children exhibited significantly inferior performance in choosing correct answers (p = 0.011) with a large effect size (d = 1.00) and a significantly superior number of irrelevant answers (p = 0.004) with a very large effect size. In conclusion ADHD children showed a cognitive inhibitory control disorder, measured by math problem solving ability.
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