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Cognitive polyphasia and the iconic structure of the social representation of death / Polifasia cognitiva e a estrutura icônica da representação social da morte

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Author(s): Alexsandro Medeiros do Nascimento | Antonio Roazzi

Journal: Psicologia : Reflexão e Crítica
ISSN 0102-7972

Volume: 21;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 499;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Death | cognitive polyphasia | social representation | mental imagery | facet theory

ABSTRACT
The present study investigated the image structure of the social representation of death in healthcare professionals. A questionnaire with both open and closed-end questions was used to assess the symbolic and iconic components of the representation of death in a group of 49 physicians, 13 psychologists, and 18 nurses (54 female and 26 male). The data produced was analyzed through a non-metric multidimensional procedure - the SSA - and an "external variables as points" method. Finally, it was compared with the symbolism of death explored in previous studies (Nascimento, 2001b; Nascimento & Roazzi, 2007) and interpreted in the light of the theory of social representations and facet theory. Consistent indications of difficulties in the represen-tation of death and failures in the production of consensus were found, as well as a logical organization of imagistic elements which point out for a state of cognitive polyphasia in the representation of this object.
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