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Color pollution control in textile dyeing industry effluents using tannery sludge

Author(s): Sajjala Sreedhar Reddy | Bijjam Kotaiah | Nanaga Siva Prasad Reddy

Journal: Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia
ISSN 1011-3924

Volume: 22;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 369;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Adsorption | Tannery sludge derived activated carbon | Commercial coal based activated carbon | Adsorption isotherms | TCLP

Effective treatment of dyestuff containing textile dyeing industry effluents require advanced treatment technologies such as adsorption for the removal of dyestuffs. Powdered commercial coal based activated carbon has been the most widely used adsorbent for the removal of dyestuffs from dyeing industry effluents. As an alternative to commercial coal based activated carbon, activated carbon prepared from dried tannery sludge was used as an adsorbent for dyestuff removal from simulated textile dying industry effluent in this study. The color removal performance of tannery sludge derived activated carbon and commercial coal based activated carbon has been investigated using parameters such as adsorbent dosage, initial dye concentration, pH and temperature. It was found that tannery sludge derived activated carbon exhibits dye removal efficiency that is about 80–90 % of that observed with commercial coal based activated carbon. The amount of dye adsorbed on to tannery sludge derived activated carbon is lower compared with commercial activated carbon at equilibrium and dye adsorption capacity increased with increase of initial dye concentration and temperature, and deceasing pH. It was found that the Langmuir isotherm appears to fit the isotherm data better than the Freundlich isotherm. The leachate of heavy metals from tannery sludge derived activated carbon to the environment is very low, which are within the standard limit of industrial effluent and leachable substances.