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Common fish species in polyculture with carp as cyprinid herpes virus 3 carriers

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Author(s): Radosavljević Vladimir | Jeremić Svetlana | Ćirković M. | Lako B. | Milićević Vesna | Potkonjak A. | Nikolin V.

Journal: Acta Veterinaria
ISSN 0567-8315

Volume: 62;
Issue: 5-6;
Start page: 675;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: carp polyculture | common carp | CyHV-3 | koi herpesvirus | KHV

ABSTRACT
Cohabitation studies with common carp were conducted to determine whether the Cyprinid Herpes Virus 3 can infect and establish a productive infection in fish species that according to available data, are not susceptible to this virus. In order to examine if other fish species can contribute to further spreading of the virus, goldfish, silver carp, grass carp, prussian carp and tench were exposed to CyHV-3 through cohabitation with infected carp without clinical symptoms. After this period they cohabitated with naive carp for two weeks and were examined for CyHV-3 by PCR. Our results showed that CyHV-3 was present in the organs of these fish species and also in organs of naive carp after two weeks in cohabitation, suggesting that CyHV-3 may cause latent infection, and also that has a potential to infect a broader host range than it was believed before. Our study adds on better understanding of CyHV-3 transmission not just in its primary host, but also suggests the importance of common fish species in polyculture with carp in the epidemiology of CyHV-3. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR31075 i br. TR-31011]
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