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Comparaative study of Lipid profile and level of Antioxidant enzymes in cigarette smokers with non cigaretee smokers

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Author(s): P. K. Chauhan1, Rishma2, V. Singh3 and Abhishek B4

Journal: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research
ISSN 2320-9267

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 55;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Oxidising agents | HDL- cholesterol | MDA | Triglycerides.

ABSTRACT
Cigarette smoking is the serious health problems and most important avoidable cause of death in world. Worldwide more than 8 million people currently die each year from smoking half of them before of the age of 60. Every cigarette reduces the life span by about 5 minutes. Smoke contains oxidising agents and the oxidation reactions can produce free radicals. In turn, these radicals can start chain reactions that damage cells. In the present study 40 male subjects were divided into four different groups and their lipid profile have been estimated by various tests i.e. Cholesterol, Triglyceride, HDL-C, LDL-C, VLDL-C. It was observed that in cigarette smokers HDL-C level decreased and cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-C, VLDL-C level increased as compared to the control i.e. non- cigarette smokers. In case of MDA and Antioxidant enzymes test, the value of MDA increases and antioxidant enzymes decreases in cigarette smokers as compared to the control i.e. non- cigarette smokers. The variation in the level of lipid profile and antioxidant enzymes from normal values causes several diseases such as Lung cancer, other cancers, heart disease, and stroke and has numerous immediate health effects on the brain and on the respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, immune systems.
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