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基于非线性理论的脉搏主波间期序列的识别 Comparative Analyses of PP Wave Intervals Based on Nonlinear Chaotic Theories

Author(s): 韩清鹏

Journal: Applied Physics
ISSN 2160-7567

Volume: 02;
Issue: 03;
Start page: 72;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: 脉搏主波间期序列 | 混沌 | 代替数据法 | 非平稳信号 | Lyapunov指数 | PP Wave Intervals | Chaos | Surrogate Data Method | Non-Stationary Signals | Lyapunov Exponents

本文研究采用基于混沌理论的两种非线性参数估计方法(代替数据法和Lyapunov指数估计法)对两组不同生理病理条件下脉搏主波间期序列进行分析。首先对上述两种算法进行介绍,然后对脉搏主波间期序列进行对比分析。分析结果表明,在时域波形上直观相似的非平稳信号,用上述非线性混沌分析的方法可以有效地加以定量区分。对于不同生理病理条件下的脉搏主波间期系列,由代替数据法所得到的特征参数的特征概率值均小于0.05,拒绝随机假设,信号的混沌特性得到辨识,由此可判断出所计算的脉搏信号具有混沌特征;两组信号的最大Lyapunov指数均为正值并有明显差别。根据代替数据法中的概率值的大小和最大Lyapunov指数可以看出,心律不齐患者比正常人员具有更明显的混沌特征。   In the paper, two nonlinear estimation methods based on chaotic theory, surrogate data method and Lyapunov exponents, are used to distinguish the difference of PP wave intervals (time series of the pulse main peaks). After brief introduction of the corresponding algorithms, two typical different healthy state signals of PP wave intervals are compared by using the two methods. The obtained results demonstrate that the signals are distinguished effectively in quantitative way. With surrogate data method, which is applied to identifying the existing chaos of PP intervals of pulse, it is proved that the series of PP intervals of pulse are chaotic. Largest Lyapunov exponents of PP wave intervals are calculated. The Largest Lyapunov exponents of the two kinds of signals are both positive and different from each other. The chaotic character of arrhythmia is much more significant than that of healthy state.
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