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Comparative Analysis of Automatic Vehicle Classification Techniques: A Survey

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Author(s): Kanwal Yousaf | Arta Iftikhar | Ali Javed

Journal: International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing
ISSN 2074-9074

Volume: 4;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 52;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Vehicle classification | Video based vehicle classification | Vehicle classification algorithms

ABSTRACT
Vehicle classification has emerged as a significant field of study because of its importance in variety of applications like surveillance, security system, traffic congestion avoidance and accidents prevention etc. So far numerous algorithms have been implemented for classifying vehicle. Each algorithm follows different procedures for detecting vehicles from videos. By evaluating some of the commonly used techniques we highlighted most beneficial methodology for classifying vehicles. In this paper we pointed out the working of several video based vehicle classification algorithms and compare these algorithms on the basis of different performance metrics such as classifiers, classification methodology or principles and vehicle detection ratio etc. After comparing these parameters we concluded that Hybrid Dynamic Bayesian Network (HDBN) Classification algorithm is far better than the other algorithms due to its nature of estimating the simplest features of vehicles from different videos. HDBN detects vehicles by following important stages of feature extraction, selection and classification. It extracts the rear view information of vehicles rather than other information such as distance between the wheels and height of wheel etc.
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