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A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH – DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION ACTIVITIES IN ROMANIA

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Author(s): Laura ASANDULUI | Livia BACIU

Journal: Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series
ISSN 0379-7864

Volume: 2010;
Issue: Special;
Start page: 209;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Knowledge economy | research financing | research results | Romania

ABSTRACT
When adopting the recommendations of the Lisbon Agenda or Strategy, the European states have decided that in order to make the European Union a space of competitiveness and greater social cohesion and a model of sustainable economic growth, research-development and innovation (RDI) must become the main pillar of the member states common policies. Consequently, the European Council recommended more investment in research and development, setting the collective EU target of raising research investment to 3% of the GDP, namely 1% from public funds and 2% from private sector.The current economic and financial crisis and the pressure it poses on resources, public or pri-vate, ]has limited to some extent the achievement of these objectives. The investments might not increase as anticipated or they might even decrease. However, several states have understood that, in times of crisis, the investment in research and innovation might bring tremendous gains in terms of new technologies, human capital and knowledge or, in other words, gains in economic competitive-ness.This paper aims at providing a comparative analysis of the Romanian situation using the statis-tical indicators of the knowledge economy, those related to RDI financing and also to RDI results for the short period of time when financing has increased as a result of applying the objectives set out by the Lisbon Strategy. We underline the fact that without financing there is no research and innovation and without policies to support RDI the delays in development cannot be recovered. The final part of the paper provides several recommendations aiming at improving the RDI policies in Romania in ac-cordance with post-2010 Lisbon Strategy.
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