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Comparative demographics and studies of the labor market in the rural area of the region of Gjirokastra

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Author(s): Albina Sinani

Journal: Social and Natural Sciences Journal
ISSN 1804-4158

Volume: 3;
Start page: 38;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Self Employment | Private Non | Agricultural Sector | Labour Power | Hidden Agrarian | Unemployment Level of Activity.

ABSTRACT
Limitation of engagements in different jobs of activepopulation in 2001 provoked a high level of unemploymentup to 21.0%, 16.4% in rural area and 27.2% in urban ones,higher in number for females in city. Gjirokastra has a highlevel of hidden agrarian unemployment (20.9%), meanwhilePërmeti has the lowest level in the region (10.7% in villages).Commune of Frashër has the lowest level in whole country(22.7%), and in the region and city level with 0.7%. Highlevel of agrarian unemployment has increased the level ofpoverty up to 56.3% in villages and 30.3% city, hasdecreased the trade balance of regional economy, withdeformations in socio economic strata of population.According to the education level, are dominant unemployedpeople that have fulfilled only 8 year of obligatory education58.3% and those with high level of education 35.6%,meanwhile those with a university degree consist in 4.3%of the total number. Are dominant the unemployed peopleof group age 15-29 years old with 54.2% and 30-44 yearsold with 36.1%. During period of time 1999-2004, registeredunemployed people who were looking for a job weredecreased up to 54.1%, 37.7% for females, especially inGjirokastra district with 61.7%.According to the registration of agricultural economic units,are noticed very big differences. The district of Gjirokastrahas the biggest number of hidden agrarian unemployment(63.2%). Among 26 communes of Gjirokastra region thehighest level of hidden agrarian unemployment it belong tocommunes of Pogon (74.6%), Dropull i Poshtëm (70.9%),Dropull i Sipërm (70.8%), Lunxhëri (69.6%), Odrie (66.5%)and Luftinjë (60.7 %).According to INSTAT, in the rural area during period of time2001-2004 the index of population able to work is decreasedwith 6.7%,level of activity is increased with 23.0%, level ofemployment is increased with 19.9% and the level ofunemployment is decreased with 0.8%, where positivefigures belong to district of Tepelena. These differencesdepend on net migration of agrarian population, from thevillages of mountainous areas toward the cities of the region
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