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Comparative study of pulsatile and nonpulsatile flow during cardio-pulmonary bypass.

Author(s): Poswal P | Mehta Y | Juneja R | Khanna S | Meharwal Zile | Trehan N

Journal: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
ISSN 0971-9784

Volume: 7;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 44;
Date: 2004;
Original page

The use of nonpulsatile flow during extracorporeal circulation remains popular despite theoretical advantages of pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Pulsatile CPB is considered to be more physiological than nonpulsatile flow as the pulsatile energy ensures the patency of the vascular bed and mechanical motion of tissue fluid around the cell membrane, improves microcirculation and enhances diffusion. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of pulsatile and nonpulsatile flow on the coagulation profile, liver and kidney function and also on the haemodynamics in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on CPB. One hundred patients between 35 and 65 years of age with normal left ventricular function were randomly divided into two equal groups: Pulsatile (P) and nonpulsatile (NP). Haematological parameters, clotting profile, renal parameters, hepatic function tests and haemodynamic variables were measured preoperatively and postoperatively at specific intervals. Surgical, anaesthetic and CPB regimen was standard in all cases. There was a decrease in platelet count during and after CPB in both groups. Coagulation profile and renal function parameters remained similar in both groups except that creatinine clearance was better in group P on the first postoperative day. Urine output was also better in group P. There was no change in liver function tests in both groups. The haemodynamic variables were comparable in both groups. The systemic vascular resistance was higher in group NP postoperatively and oxygen consumption was higher in group P post CPB. In conclusion we did not find any significant difference between pulsatile and nonpulsatile flow during CPB except the creatinine clearance and urine output were better in pulsatile group.

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