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Comparison between Ag (I) and Ni (II) Removal from Synthetic Nuclear Power Plant Coolant Water by Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

Author(s): Mohammad Hossein Salmani | Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush | Mohaddeseh Aboueian -Jahromi | Mohsen Askarishahi

Journal: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
ISSN 1735-1979

Volume: 11;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 21;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Nanoparticles Iron Oxide | Nickel | Silver | Removal | Synthetic Coolant

The impact of effective parameters such as iron oxide nanoparticles dosage, contact time and solution pH was optimized for removal of Ag(I) and Ni(II) in the nuclear cooling system and the best conditions were compared. Nearly complete removal (97%) of Ni(II) and Ag(I) were obtained at adsorbent dosage of 40 and 20 g/L, respectively. Experiments showed that 4 hours was a good choice as optimum contact time for two ions removal. The effective parameter was pH, so that maximum removal efficiency was obtained for Ag(I) in acidic pH=3 and for Ni(II) in basic pH=10. It seems that removal of Ag(I) was controlled by adsorption-reduction mechanism, but Ni(II) could place only adsorption. Langmuir and Freundlich model was more suitable for nickel and silver removal by this adsorbent, respectively. Ag(I) and Ni(II) removal efficiency trend by this adsorbent is similar at periods but different in the concentrations, pHs and equilibrium model. The obtained results were very promising, as both Ag(I) and Ni(II) were effectively removed from synthetic wastewater and there was a possibility to remove Ag(I) very fast. Hence, the idea of using nanoparticles for application of metal ions removal from wastewaters seems to be very efficient and quite promising.

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