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Comparison carcass traits of Azeri buffalo, native and crossbred (native * Holstein) male calves in west Azerbaijan-Iran

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Author(s): G. Manafiazar | A. Mohsenourazary | B. Afsharihamidi | B. Mahmoodi

Journal: Italian Journal of Animal Science
ISSN 1594-4077

Volume: 6;
Issue: 2s;
Start page: 1167;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Buffalo | Cattle | Comparison | Carcass

ABSTRACT
Iran has 500thousand heads buffalo that 80percent of them distributed in North and North West of Iran and they reared as multi purpose animals providing milk and meat. Farmer believe that buffalo milk had the best quality but because of huge and large head and skin buffaloes carcass isn’t suitable that governmental programmer pay a low facilities to buffalo fattener in comparison the cattle fattener thus the objective of this investigation was to the Comparison carcass traits of buffalo, native and Native cows* Holstein (NH) male calves that mostly fattened in this region. Eighty head claves (six heads of each treat) with average 160 kg body weight (BW) were fattened till the 300 kg. Ration and other environmental factors were the same. Three heads of each group’s according Iranian Standards slaughtered at abattoir. The slaughter weight, hot carcass weight, and the individual weights of the different slaughter by-products and organs were measured. The carcasses were chilled at 5o C for 24 h. One side of each carcass was cutting into wholesales cuts. Traits included Hot and cold carcass weight, bone, internal fat, meat, cut ability fat, dressing percent, wholesales cuts weight and percent. Wholesales cuts include neck, shoulder, loin, rib and flank and leg weight and percent. The results showed that there were not significant differences between hot and cold carcass weigh, meat, bone and cut ability fat percent. There were significant differences on internal fat, dressing percent and leg (P

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