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Comparison of Clinical Features and Affective Temperaments between Obsessive Compulsive Disorder with and without Comorbid Bipolar Disorder

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Author(s): Nurhan FISTIKCI | Münevver HACIOĞLU | Şakire EREK | Abdulkadir TABO | Ömer SAATÇİOĞLU

Journal: Marmara Medical Journal
ISSN 1019-1941

Volume: 25;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 026;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder | Temperament | Bipolar disorder

ABSTRACT
Objective: In this study, we investigated the differences and similarities between bipolar disorder positive and bipolar disorder negative obsessivecompulsive disorder (OCD) groups in terms of clinical characteristics and the affective temperaments.Patients and Method: Forty-four patients admitted to Bakırköy Prof Dr. Mazhar Osman Hospital of Psychiatry and Neurology with the diagnosis of OCD were enrolled to the study. Patients were assessed by interview with patients (SCID I), applying sociodemographic form, Hamilton depression scale (HAM-D), Yale Brown OCD scale(Y-BOCS), and TEMPSA affective temperament questionnaire.Results: The results showed significantly high rates of bipolar disorder comorbidity (38.6), especially bipolar II, in patients with OCD. Seasonal course of OCD was prominent in patients with bipolar disorder comorbidity (70%). The number of lifetime major depressive episodes and hospitalization rate was also higher in bipolar disorder comorbid patients. Depressive (23.4%), anxious (17.6%) and cyclothymic (11.8%) temperament was predominant among bipolar OCD patients. There were no significant differences in scores of the affective temperaments between bipolar and non-bipolar OCD groups.Conclusion: We conclude that there are obvious clinical influences of bipolar disorder on OCD patients. Affective temperamental differences should be investigated on large samples in the bipolar and non-bipolar OCD patients. (Marmara Medical Journal 2012;25:26-31)
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