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Comparison of complications and functional results of standard posterolateral thoracotomy with muscle sparing thoracotomy

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Author(s): Alavi A | Jalali SM | Hajmobini A | Peiravy Sereshke H

Journal: Tehran University Medical Journal
ISSN 1683-1764

Volume: 67;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 489;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Thoracotomy | standard | complication | function

ABSTRACT
"n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Standard thoracotomy necessitates division of thoracic large muscles leading to pain and impaired respiratory movements; muscle sparing postero-lateral thoracotomy has been suggested as an alternative to reduce the aforementioned effect. The aim of this study was to compare muscle saving posterolateral thoracotomy with standard thoracotomy."n"nMethods: This study was a clinical trial. All patients who were candidates for elective thoracotomy were included and divided into two groups of muscle saving thoracotomy and standard thoracotomy randomly. Required time for opening and closing the chest, amount of prescribed narcotics, shoulder movements (flexion, extension, abduction and internal rotation), pulmonary function (FVC, FEV1, VC), development of seroma, and duration of hospitalization were assessed. Shoulder movements and pulmonary function were measured immediately before operation and 7 days later while pain measured in 1st and 7th post-operative days."n"nResults: 60 patients (42 males) entered the study and there were no significant differences regarding age and sex distribution between two groups (p>0.05). Mean duration of opening the chest in muscle saving thoracotomy was significantly longer than standard procedure while the duration of closing the chest wall was significantly shorter in muscle saving thoracotomy (p
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