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Comparison of Coping Mechanisms of Adolescents Inhabiting “Tehran Correction and Rehabilitation Center” and High School Students

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Author(s): M. Rahimnia | M. Rasulian

Journal: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology
ISSN 1735-4315

Volume: 12;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 29;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Key words: coping | confrontation | delinquency | conduct disorder | adolescence | antisocial behavior

ABSTRACT
Introduction: To compare the coping mechanisms of 15-17 year-old inhabitants of “Tehran Correction and Rehabilitation Center” and 15-17 year-old high school students of area 6 in Tehran. Method: In a cross-sectional descriptive study all 105 inhabitants of the center (81 males and 24 females) and 372 high school students (181 males and 191 females) who were randomly selected from area 6 of Tehran schools completed the “Adolescent Coping Scale” which consists of 18 strategies and 3 styles. Results were analyzed using ANOVA and t-test.  Results: Non-delinquent males and females used productive style more than reference to others,and reference to others more than nonproductive style. Delinquent males used productive style and reference to others without significant difference, and also used these two styles signi-ficantly more than nonproductive style. Delinquent females used all three styles without signi-ficant difference. Delinquent males used all three styles significantly more than non-delinquent�males. Delinquent females used productive style less, nonproductive style more and reference to others without significant difference from non-delinquent females. Conclusion: In comparison with delinquent females, delinquent males have a more compre-hensive set of coping skills and can use external resources more effectively. Delinquent femalesuse a very dysfunctional collection of coping mechanisms, which may have caused their vulner- ability to social pathologies.

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