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Comparison of Coverage and Compliance of Mass Drug Administration 2012 in Surat, India

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Author(s): Mehta Shreyash , Shah Vinesh , Verma Anupam, Patel NB, Bansal RK

Journal: National Journal of Community Medicine
ISSN 0976-3325

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 468;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Filaria | Mass Drug Administration | Comparative study | Surat urban and rural

ABSTRACT
Context: Filariasis, an infectious tropical disease is a major public health problem in India but remains neglected. This study was conducted with an objective to evaluate and compare the coverage and compliance of Mass Drug Administration and associated factors in Urban and Rural area of Surat district, Gujarat, India. Methods and materials: This cross sectional study involved survey of Urban and Rural area of Surat district covering 128 household in each. A pretested questioner was used to collect data regarding administration of Diethyl Carbamazine (DEC) and Albendazole (ALB) to eligible population as a part of routine MDA activity. The data was analysed using Epi info software. Results: The coverage of antifilarial drug was more than 90% in both areas without significant difference. The compliance rate, the effective coverage rate and Coverage Compliance Gap were 82.4% , 76.1 % and 17.6% respectively in urban areas which were better than those in rural areas. Conclusion: The effective coverage rate after taking into account the coverage and compliance was less than the target of 85 percent which is needed for eradication and elimination of Filariasis. The urban areas had higher effective coverage rate than rural areas. More emphasis must be given on spot consumption of the drug.
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