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Comparison of enteral nutrition with combined enteral and parenteral nutrition in post-pancreaticoduodenectomy patients: a pilot study

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Author(s): Nagata Shigeyuki | Fukuzawa Kengo | Iwashita Yukio | Kabashima Akira | Kinoshita Tadahiko | Wakasugi Kenzo | Maehara Yoshihiko

Journal: Nutrition Journal
ISSN 1475-2891

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 24;
Date: 2009;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Many clinical studies have demonstrated that early postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) improved the postroperative course. Post-pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), patients tend to suffer from postoperative nausea, abdominal distention, and diarrhoea, causing difficulty in the introduction of EN. In this pilot study, we investigated the appropriate nutritional mode post-pancreatic surgery. Methods Between October 2006 and March 2007 2 postoperative nutritional methods were implemented in 17 patients in a prospective single-centere study. Eight patients received only enteral nutrition (EN group) and 9 patients received enteral nutrition combined with parenteral nutrition (EN + PN group). Results There were no differences in the patient characteristics and postoperative morbidity between the 2 groups. The rate of discontinuance of enteral feeding was significantly high in the EN group, and the duration of enteral feeding was significantly longer in the EN + PN group. The central venous line was retained for a significantly longer period in the EN + PN group, but there was no difference in the frequency of catheter-related infection between the 2 groups. Conclusion EN combined with PN is more adequate for patients after pancreatic surgery.
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