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Comparison of essential oils composition of Johreniopsis seseloides from Iran, population tehran and Kurdistan

Author(s): Fatemeh Fouladi | Masa Mirtaher | Narguess Yassa

Journal: DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 1560-8115

Volume: 14;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 75;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Johreniopsis seseloides | α-Terpineol | Hexahydrofarnesyl aceton

Johreniopsis seseloides (C.A.MEY) Pimenov (Umbelliferae) was collected from Tehran and Kurdistan provinces in August 2004. The essential oil of the plant powdered aerial parts which were prepared by hydro-distillation and Clevenger type apparatus were about 0.1% and 0.15% (v/w) respectively. The oil had pale yellow color and intensive odor. The essential oils were analyzed with GC/MS. Thirty six compounds were identified from two plants, accounting 77.19% and 97.04% of the oil contents respectively. The essential oil of J.seseloides from Darake (Tehran province) contains monoterpenes (24.05%) and sesquiterpenes (43.19%). The essential oil of J.seseloides collected from Gardaneh Haris Kurdistan (Kurdistan province) contains monoterpenes (69.67%) and sesquiterpenes (26.69%). The main constituents of the essential oil of J.seseloides from Tehran were spathulenol (18.21%) and α-terpineol (7.97%), followed by hexahydro-farnesyl acetone (7.05%) and α-pinene (6.98%). Other monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, either as hydrocarbons or oxygenated, were present in smaller amounts. The essential oil of J.seseloides from Kordestan province was found to be rich in α-pinene (26.25%), α-bornyl acetate (12.36%), limonene (10.32%), α-fenchyl acetate (9.06%) and β-caryophyllene (8.58%). The essential oil of other species of Johreniopsis has not been investigated up to now and this is the first report about essential oil components of J.seseloides.
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