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Comparison Group and Individual Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Treatment of Depression among Iranian Women around Menopause

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Author(s): Robab Khoshbooii

Journal: International Journal of Psychological Studies
ISSN 1918-7211

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Date: 2012;
Original page

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on depression and compare the difference between two formats of group and individual CBT among Iranian women at mid-life. The Sample for this study comprised 64 women (aged between 41 and 55 years with a depression score between 21 and 56) in Tehran, capital city of Iran. The participants were randomly assigned into two experimental groups and one control group. The first experimental group was exposed to 16 sessions of group CBT and the second experimental group underwent eight sessions of individual CBT. The experimental and control groups were assessed for the level of depression before and after the interventions and four weeks follow up. Descriptive statistics, Repeated Measure ANOVA, and independent t-test were used to analyze the data. The results suggested the feasibility and clinical advantages of CBT on depression but showed no significant difference between group and individual intervention among Iranian women around menopause.
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