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THE COMPARISON OF MENTAL TOUGHNESS IN ATHLETE MEN AND WOMEN AT DIFFERENT LEVELS OF SKILL

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Author(s): Valiollah Kashani | Mansoureh Mokaberian | Ahmad Farokhi | Ebrahim Motashareei | Javad Afshari

Journal: Electronic Physician
ISSN 2008-5842

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 326;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Mental Toughness | Athlete Men and Women

ABSTRACT
Today; an optimal performance athlete; Result is a combination of different factors.(1). Mentaltoughness as one of the most important psychological characteristics related to outcomes andsuccess in elite sport; so that most coaches and sport psychologists; beliefs mental toughness isthe most important psychological factor affecting the success of athletes.(2). The aim of currentstudy is The Comparison of Mental toughness in athlete men and women in individual contactand non contact sports; at different levels of skill (novice; sub elite; elite).Methodology; thekind of this study is descriptive research. To determine sample size; first of all; a preliminarystudy was done with using 180 male and female athletes in three skill levels. At the end;According to individual scores mean and variance; and use formula of determine sample sizewith p value 95% and with power test 80%; 300 athletes were selected as the study sample. Towway ANOV and Tukey post hoc test based on the significant level of alpha %5 were conductedfor analyses Data. Data analysis was conducted with using statistical software versionSPSS17.Results; The results of this research indicated that; Main effect of gender and differentlevels of skills were significant. However; interaction effects of gender and skill levels were notsignificant.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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