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Comparison of Metacognitive and Responsibility Beliefs in Patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Normal Individuals

Author(s): Samad Shirinzadeh Dastgiri | Mohammad Ali Gudarzi | Ahmad Ghanizadeh | Seyed Mohammad Reza Taghavi

Journal: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology
ISSN 1735-4315

Volume: 14;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 46;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) | generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) | metacognitive beliefs | responsibility | need to control thoughts

AbstractObjectives: This study was carried out to examine the role of responsibility and metacognitive beliefs in obsessive-compulsive disorder while controlling for worry, and to assess the internal relationship between responsibility and metacognitive beliefs. Method: Twenty-five patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), 25 patients with generalized anxiety disorder and 25 normal participants who were selected using convenience sampling method from individuals refered to psychiatric hospitals in the city of Shiraz (Iran), took part in this study. In order to measure metacognitive beliefs, responsibility beliefs and worry the Metacognition Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), Responsibility Attitudes Scale (RAS) and Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) were used respectively. Data were analyzed using one and multiple way analysis of variance, one way analysis of covariance, and appropriate follow-up tests. Results: Results indicated that when responsibility and worry were controlled the OCD and GAD patients differed from normal participants on metacognitive beliefs (p
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