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Comparison of Proximate and Mineral composition between Asparagus Oficinalis and Momordica dioica: Iranian and Indian Vegetables

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Author(s): Ali Aberoumand

Journal: Iranica Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE)
ISSN 2079-2115

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 196;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Asparagus officinalis stem | Momordica dioica | Micronutrients | Proximate and Mineral composition.

ABSTRACT
The proximate composition and mineral constituents of Asparagus officinalis stem and Momordica dioica fruit were evaluated in order to standard methods. The stem contained a ashes: 10.70%,crude protein: 32.69%, crude lipid: 3.44%, crude fiber: 18.50%, and carbohydrates: 34.67%. Stem also have high energy value (384.27kcal/100g)dry weight. Mineral ranges (mg/100g dry weight, DW) were: K (10.94), Na (1.84), Ca (0.67), Fe (0.19), and Zn (2.60). The fruits contained a ashes: 9.1%, crude protein: 5.44%, crude lipid: 3.25%, crude fiber: 22.9%, and carbohydrates: 59.31%. The fruits also have high energy value (288.25kcal/100g)dry weight. Mineral ranges (mg/100g dry weight, DW) were: K (4.63), Na (1.62), Ca (7.37), Fe (5.04), and Zn (3.83). Comparing proximate and minerals contents of the stem and the fruit, the results indicated that Asparagus officinalis stem could be a good supplement for some nutrients such as protein, lipid, potassium and Zinc, fibre and carbohydrates while Momordica dioica fruit was good source of lipid, crude fiber, carbohydrates, Fe and Zinc.
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