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Comparisons of Short Term Load Forecasting using Artificial Neural Network and Regression Method

Author(s): Mr. Rajesh Deshmukh | Dr. Amita Mahor

Journal: International Journal of Advanced Computer Research
ISSN 2249-7277

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 96;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Load Forecasting | artificial neural network | short term and linear regression.

In power systems the next day’s power generation must be scheduled every day, day ahead short-term load forecasting (STLF) is a necessary daily task for power dispatch. Its accuracy affects the economic operation and reliability of the system greatly. Under prediction of STLF leads to insufficient reserve capacity preparation and in turn, increases the operating cost by using expensive peaking units. On the other hand, over prediction of STLF leads to the unnecessarily large reserve capacity, which is also related to high operating cost. the research work in this area is still a challenge to the electrical engineering scholars because of its high complexity. How to estimate the future load with the historical data has remained a difficulty up to now, especially for the load forecasting of holidays, days with extreme weather and other anomalous days. With the recent development of new mathematical, data mining and artificial intelligence tools, it is potentially possible to improve the forecasting result. This paper presents a new neural network based approach for short-term load forecasting that uses the most correlated weather data for training, validating and testing the neural network. Correlation analysis of weather data determines the input parameters of the neural networks. And its results compare to regression method.
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