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Composition and grain size-driven ferroelectric-relaxor crossover in Ba(Zr,Ti)O3 ceramics

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Author(s): Cristina Elena Ciomaga | Maria T. Buscaglia | Massimo Viviani | Vincenzo Buscaglia | Liliana Mitoseriu | Paolo Nanni | Carmen Galassi

Journal: Processing and Application of Ceramics
ISSN 1820-6131

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1-2;
Start page: 51;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: BZT ceramics | Grain size | Relaxor | First Order Reversal Curve

ABSTRACT
First Ba(ZrxTi1-x)O3 (BZT) ceramics with various compositions prepared by solid state, with high density, homogeneous microstructures and grain sizes in the range (0.7–4) μm were studied. Besides the dielectric and ferroelectric investigations, First Order Reversal Curves method was employed to describe the changes of the switching properties induced by composition and grain size, related to the ferroelectric-relaxor crossover. The dielectric and ferroelectric data for ceramics with similar grain sizes demonstrated the expected ferroelectricrelaxor crossover induced by increasing x. For a given composition (x = 0.10), the relaxor character increases whit reduction of the grain size. The FORC distribution shows almost zero reversible contribution and wellseparated sharp irreversible component for larger grains, while more diffuse distribution with a continuous extension from Ec=0 (reversible) to Ec≠0 (irreversible, switching) is typical for fi ner grains.
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