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Comprehensive review of Clerodendrum phlomidis: a traditionally used bitter

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Author(s): Muthu Kumaradoss MOHAN MARUGA RAJA

Journal: Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao
ISSN 1672-1977

Volume: 8;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 510;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Clerodendrum phlomidis | bitters | review literature | medicine | Ayurvedic

ABSTRACT
Clerodendrum phlomidis Linn. f., (syn. Clerodendrum multiflorum (Burm.f) O. Kuntze, Volkameria multiflorum Burm. f.) (Lamiaceae) is an important and well known medicinal plant extensively used in Ayurveda and Siddha system of medicine for treatment of various ailments. The popular therapies include on inflammation, diabetes, nervous disorder, asthma, rheumatism, digestive disorders, and urinary disorders as well as a bitter tonic. It was reported that pectolinaringenin, scutellarein, clerodin, clerodendrin, clerosterol, 24β-ethylcholesta-5,22E,25-triene-3β-ol, lup-20(29)-en-3-triacontanoate, 4,2′,4′-trihydroxy-6′-methoxychalcone-4,4′α-D-diglucoside, 7-hydroxyflavone, 7-hydroxyflavanone-7-O-glucoside and α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)α-D-glucopyranosyl-7-O-naringin-4′-O-α-D-glucopyranoside-5-methyl ether had been isolated from this plant. The alcoholic and aqueous extracts were reported active as analgesic, antidiarrhoeal, antiplasmodial, hypoglycemic, minor tranquilizers, anti-asthmatic, antifungal, nematicidal, anti-amnestic and anti-arthritic. There are coincidences between some of the traditional usages of this plant and experimentally observed effects of the extracts but very few biological studies available on bioactive fractions and/or pure compounds. This review is an attempt to compile the exhaustive literature on Clerodendrum phlomidis, to highlight, analyze and critically assess the pharmaceutical potential of this underestimated plant in a systematic way.
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