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A Comprehensive Study of Palmprint based Authentication

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Author(s): Madasu Hanmandlu | Neha Mittal | Ankit Gureja | Ritu Vijay

Journal: International Journal of Computer Applications
ISSN 0975-8887

Volume: 37;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 17;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Fuzzy features | Wavelet features | sigmoid feature | Local Binary Pattern | Support Vector Machines

ABSTRACT
This paper presents some new features for the palmprint based authentication. The Region of interest (ROI) is extracted from the palmprint image by finding a tangent to the curves between fingers. The perpendicular bisector of this tangent and the tangent itself help demarcate the rectangular area that forms the ROI of the palmprint. Four approaches are presented for the feature extraction. In the first approach the ROI is divided into a suitable number of non-overlapping windows from which fuzzy features are extracted. In the second approach multi-scale wavelet decomposition is applied on the ROI and the detail images are combined to yield a composite image which is partitioned into non-overlapping windows and energy features are extracted. In the third approach sigmoid features are extracted from the ROI and in the fourth approach feature extraction is done using Local Binary Pattern (LBP) based on the directional gradient response. These four sets of features are used for the authentication of users from two databases using Euclidean Distance, Chi square measure and Support Vector Machines as classifiers.
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