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Comprensión de sistemas de engranajes: un estudio del cambio cognitivo y las herramientas cognitivas en niños de cuatro años


Journal: Universitas Psychologica
ISSN 1657-9267

Volume: 7;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 411;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Problem Solving | Games | Experimental | Cognition in Children

During the process of solving a problem situation involving a gear system in the context of manipulative game, the actions of four-year old children show plans and procedures that evidence the articulate use of cognitive tools of hypothesis statement and experimentation. We identify transformations of the cognitive functioning in the changes of knowledge representation formats: exploratory, intermediate, and solving. 60 children participated with four experimentation trials and two applications separated by a 15-days interval. A procedural perspective is privileged supported on the microgenetic methodology. Throughout the trials, the child states premises, transforms them, verifies them and draws conclusions, restates or generates new premises, thus advancing in his or her process of understanding.
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